Expedition Magazine 2020

(Click image/arrows to read the full article)


What is a facial reconstruction?


A post-mortem facial reconstruction is the artistic approximation of the facial characteristics of an unidentified deceased person based upon the persons' unique skull structure. This visual process can be done digitally, hand-drawn, or sculpted with clay. These flesh reconstructions can be used for museum displays, education, and identification purposes.


(Click image to scroll through gallery)


Shanidar #1 (AKA Neal Andertal)


The Neandertal skull seen here is that of Shanidar 1, a very famous archeological find. He has healed facial trauma that may have rendered him partially blind on one side. He was likely hard of hearing due to extra bone growth in his ear canals, and probably suffered other bodily trauma, some of which required intensive care from others in his hunter-gatherer group. His set of remains is significant because he serves as the earliest evidence we have for medical care among Neandertals. Plaster, acrylic paint, synthetic hair, 2019.

(Click image to scroll through gallery)


Before and After Identification, Forensic Reconstruction of Case


This reconstruction was done for the Pima County Police Department in hopes of identifying the remains. The man who was identified from the reconstruction was found in the desert in Arizona after passing away from exposure. Clay superimposed with a photograph, 2017.

(Image courtesy of the Pima County Police Department)

(Click image to scroll through gallery)


Finished Cast of Reconstruction of Morton Skull #1097


Morton Skull #1097 is a part of the Penn Museum's permanent collection. This Liberian male was in his 30s to 40s when he was killed in Africa around the 1850s. The Penn Museum in Philadelphia is in possession of the other cast of this reconstruction. 3D printed plastic, plasticine clay, 2020.

(3D printing and digital aid credit to artist Rob Roesch, image courtesy of the Pima County Police Department)

Samuel Morton is not a household name today, but his views have shaped the very framework of American culture. Morton is one of the most infamous names in the history of scientific racism. His methods included measuring the internal volume of hundreds of human crania (skulls without the jaw bone) from around the world in order to prove that white Europeans had larger brains than any other race. Although some people naturally have smaller skulls than others, we now know that head size does not indicate intelligence. This man’s skull was used without his consent in service of scientific racism, thus stripping him of his personhood. In the process of reconstructing his face, some of his humanity has been restored.

(Click image to scroll through gallery)


Mutter Museum Reconstruction of Francesca Seycora

This Reconstruction was done at the New York Academy of Art during a Forensic Reconstruction workshop. This skull belonged to a Viennese sex-worker, Francesca Seycora, who was only 19 when she died of Meningitis during the 19th century. Her skull is on display at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia, PA. Plasticine clay, 2018.

Morton Skull#1097

Or send an email to kathleengalloarts@gmail.com


Images may not be used or reproduced without permission.